General Motors EV-1

Model Specifications

  • Class: Electric subcompact
  • Body style: 2-seat, 2-door coupe
  • Electric motor: three phase alternating current induction motor with IGBT power inverter
  • Transmission: single-speed reduction integrated with motor and differential
  • Plug in charging: 6.6kW Magne Charge inductive converter
  • Wheelbase: 98.9 inches
  • Weight: 3,086 lbs. (2,908 lbs. without battery)


The General Motors EV1 was an electric car produced and leased by the General Motors Corporation from 1996 to 1999. It was the first mass-produced and purpose-designed electric vehicle of the modern era from a major automaker, and the first GM car designed to be an electric vehicle from the outset.

The EV1 was made available through limited lease-only agreements to residents of Los Angeles, California, and Phoenix and Tucson, Arizona. Within a year of the EV1’s release, leasing programs were also launched in San Francisco and Sacramento, California, along with a limited program in Georgia.

The EV1 program was discontinued in 2002, and all cars on the road were recalled. The majority of the EV1s were crushed, and the rest delivered to museums and educational institutes with their electric power trains deactivated. The demise of the EV1 is the subject of a 2006 documentary film entitled Who Killed the Electric Car?

On loan from Virginia Tech